What Is A German Permanent Residence Permit?
A permanent residence permit (Niederlassungserlaubnis) in Germany allows you to live, work, and study in Germany for an unlimited time. It is also known as a settlement permit. The permanent residence permit is the step after a temporary residence permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis) and a step before acquiring German citizenship through naturalization (Einbürgerung).
Temporary Vs. Permanent German TIE Resident Permit
The ID card for your residence permit in Germany looks identical and you need to look closely to identify its type. Below you can see two images indicating the clear distinction between a Niederlassungserlaubnis and Aufenthaltserlaubnis. German TIE Resident Permit
What Are The Benefits Of A Permanent Residence Permit In Germany?
The main benefit of achieving permanent residence in Germany is more freedom. Freedom of movement, freedom of employment, freedom of worry. If you wish to change jobs or become self-employed, you can do so without worrying about your visa status. Unlike the temporary residence permits, which you get through any type of visa (except a tourist visa), you are no longer bound to a company or a specific job. German TIE Resident Permit
Can You Travel With Your German Permanent Residence Permit?
Yes, you can travel freely within the EU with your German settlement permit, but be sure to always carry your passport with you as well. For some countries outside the EU, you might encounter fewer visa restrictions, when holding a German permanent residence permit. German TIE Resident Permit
Can German Permanent Residence Expire?
Yes, it can. If you leave Germany for longer than six months (without prior permission), your German permanent residence permit will expire. German TIE Resident Permit
How To Maintain German Permanent Residence
Once you receive your permanent residence permit for Germany, it is valid for an unlimited period. However, the residency ID card is only valid for 5 – 10 years, similar to a national ID card or passport. Since it is tied to your passport, you need to keep both documents valid. To renew your permanent residence permit or in case you lose your residence title (Aufenthaltstitel), you need to make an appointment with your local Ausländerbehörde and request a new physical permit.
How Long Does It Take To Get Permanent Residency In Germany?
Usually, you will receive permanent residence in Germany after you have lived and worked for five years in Germany. We will look at the exact requirements below. When you start your stay in Germany with a temporary residence permit, it is usually valid for two years. If you still have a valid work contract after those two years, you will get another temporary residence permit for again two years. German TIE Resident Permit
After yet another year, you can schedule an appointment with your Ausländerbehörde to apply for permanent residency. Once you have handed in all necessary documents, it usually takes four to eight weeks until you can pick up your permanent residence title. We list the application process in detail below.